18 September 2016   Leave a comment

Interactions between Christian and Muslim rulers are long-standing and should not be viewed exclusively from the lens of the 20th century.  The rift between Catholics and Protestants in Christianity was a leverage point for many who sought non-Christian allies, and an important determinant of trading patterns in early Modern Europe. Protestant England was the first to exploit the rift, but, ultimately, could not outflank the Catholic Spanish who could offer Muslims the gold and silver stolen from their colonies in the world.

Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia (known collectively as the Visegard Group or V4) have made it clear that they will not allow Great Britain to retain access to the free market of the European Union unless it simultaneously grants the right of free movement of EU citizens into Great Britain even if it leaves the Union.  Restricting the inflow of workers from other Union countries was a key objective of the leaders of the Brexit movement in Great Britain.  The hard-line stance of the V4 suggests that the negotiations between the Union and Great Britain are going to be very difficult.

Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats suffered yet another electoral blow as the anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany (AfD) did surprisingly well in elections in Berlin.  Both the Social Democrats and the Christian Democrats lost ground while the right wing AfD took 12.2 percent of the vote.  That percentage will allow the AfD to crack the 10% vote barrier for representation in regional assemblies.   Merkel is slowly but surely losing mainstream support and it is difficult to see who will take her place and what country could take Germany’s place in the European Union.

Frauke Petry, Co-Leader of AfD

Image result for AfD


Posted September 18, 2016 by vferraro1971 in World Politics

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